trigeminal neuralgia

Ketamine for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Ketamine for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia (also known as tic douloureux) is a chronic pain condition affecting the fifth cranial nerve (1).  There are twelve cranial nerves that emerge from the brain and cranial nerve V carries sensation from the face to the brain.  Trigeminal neuralgia occurs at a rate of 4.3 per 100,000 people per year (2). There are two main types: classic trigeminal neuralgia and atypical trigeminal neuralgia (3).  It is vital to consult with a specialist and confirm the diagnosis, which may include neurological testing and MRI of the brain (4).  Both of these diagnoses can be extremely painful, debilitating, and especially frustrating when multiple traditional treatment options are not effective in relieving pain.